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Bald Eagle Bald Eagle

The bald eagle, our national bird, has a range that includes Alaska, all of the contiguous United States, Canada, and northern Mexico. The only eagle unique to North America, it prefers habitats near seacoasts, lakes, rivers, and other large bodies of open water with an abundance of fish and old-growth trees for nesting. Bald eagles may live up to thirty years in the wild and frequently use the same nests year after year.

The bald eagles' recovery is an American success story. Once listed as a Federally Endangered species, its population is now healthy and growing. The bald eagle, though is protected by the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act and the Migratory Bird Treaty Act.

At Avista, we are committed to protecting bald eagles that nest near our hydroelectric developments. As part of the Spokane River Project License, we have prepared a Bald Eagle Management Plan, the primary elements of which include:

  • Annual monitoring during the bald eagle nesting season (generally February 1 to July 31) of known nests associated with the Spokane River Project.  Bald Eagle Flying
  • Annual surveys to identify new nests near the Spokane River Project. 
  • Monitoring over consecutive nesting seasons to identify bald eagle nesting territories including primary use areas, home ranges and key use sites (nest stands, perch sites, and roost sites).
  • Site-specific management plans for individual nesting territories that include measures to reduce bald eagle/human conflicts that may occur on Avista's Spokane River Project lands.

Because of the long-term nature of our Bald Eagle Management Plan, we are using an adaptive management approach, which allows us to adapt our programs as we learn more from our monitoring efforts.

You can help protect the bald eagle by staying away from occupied nests during the nesting season. For more information on how to avoid disturbing nesting bald eagles during your recreational activities, please use the following link:

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Bald Eagle Work Plans and Reports

2013 Bald Eagle Monitoring Report

2012 Bald Eagle Monitoring Report

Bald Eagle Management Plan (filed on May 7, 2010)

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Bald Eagle Meetings

As part of our Bald Eagle Management Plan, we hold annual meetings with the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Idaho Department of Fish and Game, and the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife.  During the meetings we discuss the results of the previous season’s monitoring effort and make adjustments to the next year’s monitoring, surveying, and investigation methods if needed.

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Bald Eagle Correspondence Bald eagle in nest

Communication and correspondence between Avista, its agency stakeholders, and regulators is an essential part of our Bald Eagle Management Plan. Our specialists work with resource agencies to provide current and accurate exchange of information. The following documents and correspondences are provided for your reference:
FERC Documents

FERC Order Approving Bald Eagle Management Plan pursuant to Article 414 of Spokane River Project License (dated May 11, 2011)
Letter to FERC submitting the Bald Eagle Management Plan (dated May 7, 2010) 

Agency Consultation Documents

Letter to U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (dated March 1, 2010)
Letter from Interior Commenting on Bald Eagle Management Plan (dated March 24, 2010)
Letter to Washington Department of Fish & Game (dated March 1, 2010)
Letter to Idaho Fish & Game (dated March 1, 2010) 

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Bald Eagle Contacts

The agency partners that Avista works with and their website information is provided below:

Federal Energy Regulatory Commission

Idaho Department of Fish and Game

U.S. Department of Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife

Washington State Parks

For more information about Avista's Bald Eagle Management Program, please contact:

David Armes
Terrestrial Resource Specialist
1411 E. Mission Ave., MSC-1
Spokane, WA, 99220-3727
Office: (509) 495-2796

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